MARITIME ZONES law

Arrangement of Sections

1. Short title.

2. Territorial sea.

3. Use of territorial sea by foreign ships and aircraft.

4. Contiguous zone.

5. Exclusive economic zone.

6. Continental shelf.

7. Pollution prevention zone.

8. Maritime boundary between Sri Lanka and India.

9. Historic waters.

10. Publication of map.

11. Amendment of other written laws.

12. Construction of other laws.

13. Regulations.

14. Minister's Certificate.

15. Interpretation.

SI 22 of 1976.

A LAW to provide for the declaration of the territorial sea and other Maritime Zones of Sri Lanka, and all other matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

[Date of Commencement: 1st September, 1976]

1. Short title.

This law may be cited as the Maritime Zones Law.

2. Territorial sea.

(1) The President of the Republic of Sri Lanka may, by Proclamation published in the Gazette, declare the limits of the sea beyond the land territory and internal waters of Sri Lanka which shall be the territorial sea of Sri Lanka, specifying in such Proclamation the base-lines from which such limits shall be measured. The waters on the landward side of such base-lines shall form part of the internal waters of Sri Lanka.

(2) Where an island or rock, or a group of islands and rocks, or a group of islands or a group of rocks, constituting part of the territory of Sri Lanka is situated seaward from the main coast or base-line, the territorial sea shall extend to the limits declared by the Proclamation under subsection (1), measured from the low-water mark of ordinary spring tides along the seaward edge of such island or rock, or group of islands and rocks, or group of islands or group of rocks.

(3) The sovereignty of the Republic extends to the territorial sea and to the air space over the territorial sea, as well as to its bed and sub-soil.

3. Use of territorial sea by foreign ships and aircraft.

(1) Ships of all States shall enjoy the right of innocent passage through the territorial sea. Passage is innocent only, so long as such passage is not prejudicial to the peace, good order or security of the Republic:

Provided that, no foreign warship shall enter or pass through the territorial sea except with the prior consent of, and subject to such conditions as may be specified by, the Minister.

(2) No foreign aircraft shall enter or pass through the air space above the territorial sea, except in accordance with the written laws in force in Sri Lanka:

Provided that, no foreign military aircraft shall enter or pass through the air space above the territorial sea except with the prior consent of, and subject to such conditions as may be specified by, the Minister.

(3) A foreign ship or foreign aircraft which acts in contravention of the provisions of this section is liable to confiscation.

(4) The Minister may, by Order published in the Gazette, suspend, in a specified area or areas of the territorial sea the right of innocent passage of any ship, if in his opinion, such suspension is necessary in order to safeguard the peace, good order or security of the Republic.

4. Contiguous zone.

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